CHEARP: Chord-based Hierarchical Energy-Aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

Lamia CHEKLAT1, Mourad AMAD2, Mawloud OMAR3 and Abdellah BOUKERRAM1

  1. LIMED Laboratory, Faculty of Exact Sciences, University of Bejaia
    06000 Bejaia, Algeria
    cheklat.lamia@gmail.com, boukerram@hotmail.com
  2. LIMPAF Laboratory, Computer Sciences Dept, Faculty of Sciences and Applied Sciences
    University of Bouira, Algeria
    amad.mourad@gmail.com
  3. LIGM, ESIEE Paris, Université Gustave-Eiffel, Noisy-le-Grand
    France
    mawloud.omar@univ-eiffel.fr

Abstract

Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs) are mostly deployed in hostile environments, where nodes may do not have any information about their location. Hence, the designed routing protocols and applications have to function independently from the nodes location. Moreover, extending lifetime in such networks is a critical and challenging issue, since they consist of miniaturized energy-constrained devices. The motivation of this paper is to design an energy efficient location-independent routing protocol for data delivery in WSNs. Therefore, a Chord-based Hierarchical Energy-Aware Routing Protocol (CHEARP) is developed with the focus on preserving the energy consumption. In contrary to the existing DHT-based protocols that interconnect nodes independently of their physical proximity, this paper proposes an approximate logical structure to the physical one, where the aim is to minimize the average paths’ length. Simulation results show that the proposed solution reduces the transmission Load, minimizes the transmission delay, and extends the network longevity.

Key words

Wireless Sensor Networks, Peer-to-Peer Systems, Chord, DHT, Energy-Efficient, Clustering, Data Communication

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.2298/CSIS200308043C

Publication information

Volume 18, Issue 3 (June 2021)
Year of Publication: 2021
ISSN: 1820-0214 (Print) 2406-1018 (Online)
Publisher: ComSIS Consortium

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How to cite

CHEKLAT, L., AMAD, M., OMAR, M., BOUKERRAM, A.: CHEARP: Chord-based Hierarchical Energy-Aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks. Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 18, No. 3, 813–834. (2021), https://doi.org/10.2298/CSIS200308043C