Real Time Availability And Consistency Of Health-Related Information Across Multiple Stakeholders: A Blockchain Based Approach

Zlate Dodevski1, Sonja Filiposka2, Anastas Mishev2 and Vladimir Trajkovik2

  1. iBorn
    Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
  2. Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering, Ss. Cyril and Methodious University
    Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia


Sensitivity of the health-related data and the focus on compliance and security has traditionally emphasized the need for centralized approach while implementing Electronic Health Records (EHR) systems. These one-institutional architectural designs are leading to fragmented and scattered pieces of valuable data across various data warehouses and silos. Interoperability challenges arise due to the absence of unified data management and exchange mechanisms making the social need for fundamental design changes bigger. The capability of a distributed ledger technology and blockchain to offer immutable, decentralized and cryptographically secured record of transactions throughout a peer-to-peer network can facilitate better collaboration and increased interoperability in the field of health and insurance information exchange processes. The paper examines different approaches and application of blockchain technology and identifies which implementations of components are more suitable and beneficial for the specific eco-system analyzed in the paper. This paper presents alternative way of dealing with information exchange across multiple stakeholders by justifying the use of decentralized approach, distributed access and solution how to comprehensively track and assemble health related data. We propose an architectural design and overview of a specific use case with focus on information exchange processes between health insurance providers and health care organizations, by using blockchain as an underlying technology. The architectural overview and data flows, backed up by sequence diagrams from specific use cases offered in this paper, can serve as a guide to the blockchain technology adoption and initial setup.

Key words

blockchain, health-related data, health information exchange, health insurance, decentralization

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Publication information

Volume 18, Issue 3 (June 2021)
Year of Publication: 2021
ISSN: 1820-0214 (Print) 2406-1018 (Online)
Publisher: ComSIS Consortium

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Dodevski, Z., Filiposka, S., Mishev, A., Trajkovik, V.: Real Time Availability And Consistency Of Health-Related Information Across Multiple Stakeholders: A Blockchain Based Approach. Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 18, No. 3, 927–955. (2021),