Internet of Things and agent-based system to improve water use efficiency in collective irrigation

Abdelouafi Ikidid1, Abdelaziz El Fazziki1 and Mohamed Sadgal1

  1. Computer Science Dept, Computing Systems Engineering Laboratory (LISI)
    Cadi Ayyad University Marrakesh, Morocco,,


The efficient management of water resources is a major issue in the field of sustainable development. Several models of solving this problem can be found in the literature, especially in the agricultural sector which represents the main consumer through irrigation. Therefore, Irrigation management is an important and innovative field that has been the subject of several types of research and studies to deal with the different activities, behaviors, and conflicts between the different users. This article introduces an intelligent irrigation system based on smart sensors that can be used moderately and economically to monitor farms by integrating some connected electronic devices and other advantageous instruments widely used in the field of IoT, it determines the water requirement of each farm according to the water loss due to the process of evapotranspiration. The water requirement is calculated from data collected from a series of sensors installed in the plantation farm. This project focuses on smart irrigation based on IoT and agent technology, it can be used by farmer associations whose endowments and irrigation planning are defined according to the need and quantity of water available in the rural municipality. The system includes a microcontroller with the integration of sensors, actuators, and valve modules where each node serves as an IoT device. Environmental parameters are monitored directly through a multi-agent system that facilitates the control of each node and the configuration of irrigation parameters. The amount of water calculated for irrigation is based on the Penman model for calculating the daily evapotranspiration baseline. Compared to the conventional irrigation method, it is expected that the proposed irrigation model would contribute to saving water use and distributing it impartially without compromising its production.

Key words

Agent technology, smart irrigation, sensors, internet of things

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Publication information

Volume 20, Issue 1 (January 2023)
Year of Publication: 2023
ISSN: 2406-1018 (Online)
Publisher: ComSIS Consortium

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How to cite

Ikidid, A., Fazziki, A. E., Sadgal, M.: Internet of Things and agent-based system to improve water use efficiency in collective irrigation. Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 20, No. 1, 405–421. (2023),