Orthogonal Sequences Based Multi-CFO Estimation and Semi-Blind ICA Based Equalization for Multiuser CoMP Systems

Yufei Jiang1, 2, Xu Zhu1, Enggee Lim2 and Yi Huang1

  1. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, the University of Liverpool, L69 3GJ
    Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, U.K.
    {Yufei.Jiang, Xuzhu, Yihuang}@liverpool.ac.uk
  2. Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Xi’an Jiao Tong Liverpool University
    215000, Suzhou, China


We propose a low-complexity carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation approach and an independent component analysis (ICA) based semi-blind equalization structure for the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) based multiuser coordinated multi-point (CoMP) systems. A group of orthogonal sequences are employed to enable separation and simultaneous estimation of multiple CFOs at base stations, dividing a complex multi-dimensional search into series of low-complexity mono-dimensional searches. Then, a small number of pilot symbols attached to the source data, are used to resolve the ambiguity problem in the ICA equalized signals. It has a low complexity, as the permutation and quadrature ambiguity can be eliminated simultaneously, rather than sequentially by the previous precoding aided method. Simulation results show that the proposed semi-blind equalization structure has a bit error rate (BER) performance close to the ideal cases of the zero forcing (ZF) and minimum mean square error (MMSE) based equalization with perfect channel state information (CSI) and no CFO, and also significantly outperforms the constant amplitude zero autocorrelation (CAZAC) sequences based CFO estimation method.

Key words

carrier frequency offset (CFO), coordinated multi-point (CoMP), orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), independent component analysis (ICA)

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Publication information

Volume 9, Issue 4 (December 2012)
Special Issue on Recent Advances in Systems and Informatics
Year of Publication: 2012
ISSN: 1820-0214 (Print) 2406-1018 (Online)
Publisher: ComSIS Consortium

Full text

DownloadAvailable in PDF
Portable Document Format

How to cite

Jiang, Y., Zhu, X., Lim, E., Huang, Y.: Orthogonal Sequences Based Multi-CFO Estimation and Semi-Blind ICA Based Equalization for Multiuser CoMP Systems. Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1385-1406. (2012), https://doi.org/10.2298/CSIS120303051J